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30

птицепром

№3 (32) 2016

отрасль

/ тенденции

предложение грудок, которое не позволит пред-

лагать их по более высокой цене, чтобы дать воз-

можность продавать другие части (окорочка) на

15–20% дешевле сегодняшних. Таким образом,

экспорт – главная задача и необходимое условие

дальнейшего роста производства. Иначе кризис

перепроизводства отдельных частей тушек неот-

вратим.

Впервые всерьез мы подняли вопрос об экс-

порте мяса в далеком 2009 году на совещании

с Владимиром Путиным в Белгородской об-

ласти, и тогдашний премьер нас поддержал.

Практически ни одно совещание самого высо-

кого уровня не обходило стороной вопросы экс-

порта. За пять лет было дано восемь поручений

высшими руководителями страны. В 2015 году

в рамках работы Россельхознадзора по продви-

жению экспорта продукции животноводства

проведены инспекции компетентными орга-

нами следующих стран: Азербайджан, Вьетнам,

Китай, ОАЭ, Иран.

Экспорт мяса всех видов в 2015 году увеличил-

ся на 10% по отношению к показателю 2014-го.

same number of legs, wings and fillets in the nearest

decades, even if alternative breading methods are

applied! For sure, their weight percentage in a chicken

carcass can be modified. All these parts should be

profitably sold to anybody! A new stage of industry

development begins.

Consumer behavior may be predicted, however

it is very difficult to say for sure what the customer

will need tomorrow; hence the problems will never

end, and it is the task of business to settle them in a

competitive battle. The producers are to investigate

new trends and consumer behavior in detail, to review

international, national and regional statistics, and to

respond to any market changes promptly. Otherwise,

they are doomed to continuous assortment disbalance

(chilled or frozen, carcass or dressed, target weight,

dressing, and packing, etc.).

In the years immediately ahead, theexisting increment

rate in Russia will result in the overproduction of fillets;

this will not permit selling them at a higher price to

ensure sales of other parts (legs) at prices that will be

15-20% below the current ones.

Hence, export sales are the key target and condition

of the production further growth. Otherwise, an

overproduction crisis of individual parts of chicken

carcasses is inevitable.

Our first attempt to start this discussion took place

back in 2009 at a meeting with Vladimir Putin in the

Belgorod Region. It received the encouragement from

the Premier of that time. Export issues were actually

discussed at any meeting of the highest level. The

country leaders issued eight ordinances during five

years. In 2015 within the frames of Rosselkhoznadzor

activities related to promotion of animal products

export, audits were fulfilled by the authorities of the

following countries: Azerbaijan, Vietnam, China, the

UAE, and Iran.

In 2015 the export of all kinds of meat increased

by 10% from 2014. However, the amounts under

consideration are extremely low: about 85,000 tonnes.

To enter international markets our standards have

to be brought to maximum compliance with the

international requirements. To integrate into world

community the Russian Government endeavors

best efforts to harmonize veterinarian and sanitary

regulations with the requirements of international

agreements.

Economists are eager to advise the governments of

the developing countries: have a look at EU and the

USA, and follow their practice: do not introduce trade

barriers, do not limit capital movements, and open the

boarders. Russia followed these recommendations:

acceded to the WTO and removed trade barriers.

However, it has yet to receive benefits. Russia was

late. If Russia had entered the WTO twenty years

ago, the country could have skimmed the cream

off globalization; but today it has just losses and

zero profits. According to Satyajit Das, a well-known

international economist, countries close their markets

little by little, and trade barriers grow from year to

year. In the nearest future the globalism will become

a reminiscence.

The first priority

tasks of export

potential

development

(in terms

of regulatory

and legislative

governing):

National and

regional programs

of prevention and

elimination of

especially dangerous

animal diseases and

anthropozoonoses

shall be developed.

Federal financing

of the governmental

federal and regional

monitoring of

epizootic situation

and safe animal

products shall be

provided for.

Regulations for

regional zoning and

compartmentalization

shall be provided for.

Rosselkhoznadzor

shall be authorized

to audit producers

and to keep

a single register.

Procedures of

creation of a federal

register of facilities

reporting to the State

Veterinarian Service

shall be developed.

Veterinarian

regulations shall be

harmonized: sanitary

norms and rules.

Первоочередные задачи для развития

экспортного потенциала (по линии

нормативно-правового регулирования):

Разработать национальные

и региональные программы по

предупреждению распространения

и ликвидации особо опасных болезней

животных и антропозоонозов.

Обеспечить федеральное

финансирование государственного

федерального и региональных

мониторингов эпизоотической

обстановки и безопасности пищевой

продукции животного происхождения.

НПА для проведения регионализации

и компартментализации.

Определить РСХН в качестве

уполномоченного органа

по проверке предприятий

и ведению единого реестра.

Определить порядок создания

федерального реестра объектов,

поднадзорных государственной

ветеринарной службе.

Гармонизация ветеринарного

законодательства: санитарных

норм и правил.