Talking about Euro-Asian poultry-breeding, I will speak about CIS countries space, including Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
Egg production: leading countries
77.6 billion eggs have been produced in CIS countries in 2013. The leaders are Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, Poland's and Belarus' values are growing. About 42 billion eggs have been produced in Russia in 2012, about 41 million – in 2013. In 2014, a slight decrease is expected, but the plan for 2020 is to grow the volume to 45 billion units.
At the same time, despite the fact that the population of Ukraine is three times less than in Russia, about the half of the Russian volumes, or 19.6 billion, is produced there, with products being exported to more than 40 countries of the world. This year, as Alexander Bakumenko, Head of Chairman Council of “Ukrainian Poultry-Breeding Union” Association said, 2.1 billion units from the total amount of 20.1 billion would be produced for exports.
The biggest Ukrainian eggs producer in the Euro-Asia and the second largest in the world after Cal-Main Foods, Inc. is Avangard company, led by its owner Oleg Bakhmatyuk and the Head of Chairman Council Natalia Vasilyuk.
Ukraine is also the leader in the amount of eggs per capita, with 430 units per capita a year. In Armenia, this value is 295, in Belarus – 294, in Russia – 286, in Kazakhstan – 220 eggs per capita by the end of 2013.
Giving the forecast for the situation development in Euro-Asian Union countries, it is worth noticing that by 2020, Kazakhstan plans to produce 308 eggs per capita, Belarus – 401 eggs and Russia – 313 eggs.
I should also notice that the world leadership today belong to China, which produces 454 billion eggs, holding nearly 40% of the global market, with Europe, USA and India following.
Poultry meat: market potential
World broiler meat production last year has reached 84.6 million tons, the expected volume for 2014 is 87 million tons, with 19 millions of it in America which has demonstrated the record values. According to the forecasts, about 129 million tons of poultry meat will be produced in the world by 2022, with 114 million tons belonging to chicken and 15 million tons belonging to turkey, ducks and geese.
Nowadays, there are 203 egg poultry factories and 237 broiler poultry factories in Russia (in 2013, 51 egg enterprises changed their profile to poultry meat production). According to the data for 2013, about 6 million tons of poultry meat were produced in CIS countries, with more than 3.8 million tons in Russia. A bit more than 1.2 million tons belonged to Ukraine, 501 thousand tons belonged to Belarus.
According to the data from Ukrainian Poultry-Breeding Union, poultry meat production in the country bu the end of the year will reach 1.32-1.33 million tons. The main market player, holding 50% of the local poultry meat market is Mironovsky Hleboprodukt (Mironovo Bread Product, MHP). Its large project in Vinnitsa is developing quickly. Last year, MHP produced 472 thousand tons of poultry meat, with 440 thousand tons at the enterprise in Vinnitsa.
The exports share of the Ukrainian leader by the end of 2013 has reached 80% or 120 thousand tons of chicken meat, with more than half of them being exported to countries from the Customs Union.
As for poultry meat production per capita in CIS countries the leading position is held by Belarus with 52.9 kilos. In Russia, this value is 26.6 kilos per capita, in Ukraine – 27.8 kilos, in Kazakhstan – 18.7 kilos, in Moldova – 13.5 kilos, in Armenia – 12.5 kilos, in Azerbaijan – 9.6 kilos, in Uzbekistan – 1.6 kilos, in Turkmenistan and Tajikistan – 1.3 kilos.
Last year, 555.4 thousand tons of poultry meat were imported to Russia, with 190 thousand tons beyond the quota. Taking this into account, Belarus has become the second largest poultry meat exporter after the USA and the leading exporter of eggs, supplying 839 million eggs to Russia.
Taking exports into account, Belarus plans to increase the value of per capita poultry meat consumption to 80 kilos per capita by 2020, increasing the production volumes to 750 thousand tons. In Kazakhstan, there would be 17.9 kilos per capita by this time, with the production volume of 300 thousand tons, in Russia – 31.5 kilos with 4.5 million tons.
Where do we go? Exports prospects
Despite the fact that Russian poultry-breeders have the task to increase the production volumes to 4.5 million tons, I have a prospect that in 2014, more than 4 million tons of poultry meat will be produced because of the start of new production capacities. Unfortunately, only 30-40% of the announced projects are being realized, which can be explained by problems that specialists have to face during the construction process, in the financing field as well.
But that doesn't stop national businessmen in their wish to develop the production process as to increase the existing capacities. Even though now we can speak about satisfying the fast-growing inner needs of the Russian market, I am sure that Russia has the chance to become the large supplier of poultry-breeding production at the global market.
Nikolay Fedorov, Russian Minister of Agriculture, said that poultry meat exports should reach 150 thousand tons by 2020. One of the most prospective branches for exports development is Halal production. World Halal market is worth 4 trillion dollars, with the 60% share of food. According to the values by Nestle corporation, Halal food will hold the share of 20% of all food trade in the recent future.
Russian poultry-breeders should use this trend for the beginning of Halal production imports to Arabic, African and Asian Pacific countries.
For example, Akashevo agricultural holding (Mariy El Republic) has become the first Russian company having received the favor from ICRIC (Islamic Chamber of Research within IC, Iran) for supplying poultry meat to Islamic countries. The contract for Halal poultry meat supply with the Sahel Al-Madina Kompani For Frozen company (Saudi Arabia) is signed. Besides the UAE, agricultural holding production is supplied to Iran and Bahrain.
Halal meat exports to non-Islamic countries, such as Brazil, India, Australia and New Zealand also has good prospects.
Besides, this year Europe has signed the law about the necessary animal deafening before the slaughter (by gas or electricity), though Islamic rules for Halal food production do not let this. Because of this, Russian poultry factories have the real chance to enter the European market with their offer.
As Vladimir Putin once said, besides the hydrocarbons, we should export food production as well, as Russian Empire did it once, providing half of the British egg market.